Dr. Maria Montessori, the first female physician in Italy, based her educational philosophy on her scientific observations of young children. Dr. Montessori observed that the most important years for learning were from birth to age six. Children possess unusual sensitivity and mental ability for absorbing and learning from their environment. According to Dr. Montessori, this is especially true between 3 to 6 years of age where a child’s ability to absorb information from their environment is extraordinary. She referred to this period as the absorbent mind.
The Montessori approach embraces the full development of the child, with the emphasis on the following areas:
Practical Life activities enable children to learn how to care for themselves and their environment.
Sensorial materials are a rich array of grading and sorting activities which develop children’s perceptual and sensory abilities and refine their observation skills.
Language and literacy are natural components of all activities in the classroom with hands on activities for pre-reading and vocabulary development and phonetics.
Mathematic materials assist the child in development of strategies in quantitative relationships and symbols through concrete pre-math and math activities.
Cultural geography and science lesson are embedded in the curriculum throughout the year.
Art, music and movement are a part of everyday activities.
Children who have been educated using the Montessori method grow into competent learners who know how to learn and love learning. The desire for learning comes from within.This solid foundation begun early in life creates a self- confident, contributing adult. The desire for learning comes within.